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Paralysis is the loss of muscle function due to damage to the nervous system. The damage can occur in the brain or spinal cord, resulting in different types of paralysis. The four main types of paralysis are:

  1. Monoplegia: This is paralysis that affects only one limb, such as an arm or leg.
  2. Hemiplegia: This is paralysis that affects one side of the body, usually caused by damage to the opposite side of the brain.
  3. Paraplegia: This is paralysis of both legs and sometimes the lower trunk, caused by damage to the spinal cord.
  4. Quadriplegia or Tetraplegia: This is paralysis that affects all four limbs and sometimes the entire body, caused by damage to the spinal cord at the level of the neck.

Physiotherapy is an important part of the management of paralysis, as it helps to maintain and improve range of motion, strength, and function. The goals of physiotherapy in the management of paralysis include:

  1. Preventing muscle contractures and joint stiffness through passive range of motion exercises and stretching.
  2. Building strength through active range of motion exercises and strengthening exercises.
  3. Improving balance and coordination through specific exercises and techniques.
  4. Maintaining cardiovascular fitness through exercises such as cycling, arm ergometry, and aquatic therapy.
  5. Facilitating functional activities such as transfers, walking, and activities of daily living through specific training and equipment recommendations.
  6. Providing education and support to the patient and family members on the management of paralysis and the use of adaptive equipment.

The specific management plan for paralysis will depend on the type and severity of the paralysis, as well as the underlying cause. A comprehensive assessment by a physiotherapist is essential to develop an individualized plan of care

You can take orthopaedic consultation for conservative and surgical treatment if any . For more https://kure.co.in/orthopaedics-in-noida/.

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